The AIBS Public Policy Report is distributed broadly by email every two weeks to AIBS membership leaders and contacts, including the President, President-Elect, Secretary, Treasurer, Executive Director, AIBS Council Representative, Journal Editor, Newsletter Editor, Public Policy Committee Chair, Public Policy Representative, and Education Committee Chair of all AIBS member societies and organizations (see the Membership Directories for contact information).
All material from these reports may be reproduced or forwarded. Please mention AIBS as the source; office staff appreciate receiving copies of materials used. If you have questions, comments, or suggestions, please contact the AIBS Director of Public Policy, Dr. Robert Gropp [publ...@aibs.org; 202-628-1500 x250].
EVOLUTION TOWN MEETING AT AIBS ANNUAL MEETING, 24 MARCH 2001 - A special session on the teaching of evolution will be held at the next AIBS Annual Meeting (24 - 26 March 2001, in Washington DC). Scheduled for 24 March 2001 at 7:30 p.m., the town meeting is a collaboration with the National Center for Science Education (note new website: http://www.ncseweb.org) and the National Association of Biology Teachers. Panelists will include Eugenie Scott, Executive Director of the National Center for Science Education, Irene Eckstrand of the Society for the Study of Evolution, and others who will focus on how educators can meet the challenges of teaching about evolution and keeping up-to-date with state and national events affecting science education. The importance of building grass-roots communication networks among educators and researchers will be discussed. The new U.S.-wide AIBS evolution listserver network will be featured.
NOTE: Registration is now open for the 2001 AIBS Annual Meeting (24 - 26 March 2001, in Washington DC); the theme is "From Biodiversity to Biocomplexity." The AIBS meeting website at
http://www.aibs.org/meeting2001/index.html allows for online registration as well as online poster submissions.
COALITION OF PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES TO UNDERTAKE VARIETY OF EVOLUTION INITIATIVES - Several scientific societies/umbrella groups with professional staff have decided to move forward with an effort to address some aspects of the evolution issue. At this point, the participating organizations are: the American Institute of Biological Sciences, Ecological Society of America, American Geological Institute, American Geophysical Union, National Association of Biology Teachers, the Tri-Societies (Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, and American Society of Agronomy) and American Physical Society. We hope to grow. At our first meeting, in late September, we agreed that scientific societies with professional staff have an obligation to contribute to the efforts of the National Council for Science Education, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and others to safeguard the teaching of evolutionary sciences in the schools. The premise of this new effort, which is nameless at this point, is that there are many pro-active measures that can be taken to assure that the attacks on the teaching of evolution do not succeed. The reactionary approach requires a very rapid response, relies on the energies of a small number of people, and places huge demands on the teachers and scientists in the state where the action is taking place. While there will (unfortunately) always be a need for this type of effort, we hope to approach the problem from the other direction. Rather than taking on every challenge from the anti-evolution/creationism/intelligent design sector, we will instead craft a positive message that can be disseminated in a variety of ways.
At a second meeting, held on November 17, we decided to review the list of action items generated by the National Conference on the Teaching of Evolution (held at UC Berkeley in October; see http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/ncte and select those items that we are well-suited to undertake and that do not duplicate efforts already underway by other organizations. We have also discussed several specific initiatives that we hope to undertake in the next year.
AIBS AND THE NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION COSPONSOR EVOLUTION LISTSERVES IN THE 50 STATES - AIBS is undertaking a project to support the teaching of evolution in the schools. This project consists of the establishment of a listserve in each of the 50 states. The National Council on Science Education has agreed to co-sponsor these listserves. AIBS 2001 President Judy Weis conceived of the project when she followed the efforts to oppose the Kansas school board's plan to adopt science tests that eliminated questions about evolution, the big bang theory, and the age of the earth. The scientists and teachers in Kansas had to scramble to organize to oppose these efforts. Weis recognized that since this is an issue that will not go away, teachers and scientists need to be prepared to mobilize quickly. They also need assistance, support, and advice from other teachers and scientists around the country. These e-mail listserves will allow scientists, teachers, and other concerned people to stay in touch with each other. The listserves can function as support groups for teachers trying to teach evolution in a hostile atmosphere. They can also allow for rapid communications when school boards or state legislatures are considering actions that would hinder the teaching of evolution or promote the teaching of creationism.
There are already list managers for many states. Their names and email addresses appear below and are also online with hyperlinks at http://www.aibs.org/latitude/latevlist.html (or follow the links from the opening page of www.aibs.org). Some of these have already set up their listserves, and the address to write to and message to send in order to subscribe are provided. Please subscribe! If your state has a contact person, but no list name, please write and encourage them to get their listserve set up. If your state does not appear at all, that means no one has volunteered to run the listserve. Usually staff at the computer center should know how to set up listserves, and the time commitment should not be great, unless there is some urgent issue being debated. Please contact Judy Weis at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are willing to host a list for your state.
Evolution Listserve Managers (see also http://www.aibs.org/latitude/latevlist.html , or follow the links from the opening page of www.aibs.org):
AL - Bruce Stallsmith email@example.com
Send him an e-mail message to subscribe to evolistal
AR-Jim Murray - firstname.lastname@example.org
AZ - John Lynch email@example.com
message: SUBSCRIBE EVOLVEAZ firstname lastname
CA - Patrick Foley: firstname.lastname@example.org
message: subscribe calevolved-l firstname lastname
CO - Mike Antolin: email@example.com
Message:subscribe SCIENCE-EDUCATION 1stnmLastn
CT - Ross Koning: Koning@ecsu.ctstateu.edu
Message: subscribe EVOLEDCT firstname lastname
FL - Brent Nichol: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: subscribe evolistfl firstname lastname
GA - Sarah Pallas: bioslp@panther.Gsu.edu
Message: subscribe EVOLISTGA
IA - David Mccalley : email@example.com
To subscribe send name and address to firstname.lastname@example.org
IL - Steve Mullin : email@example.com
Majordomo@eiu.edu put something in subject line.
Message: subscribe evoledil
IN - George Bakken: LSGSB@scifac.indstate.edu
Message: Subscribe EVOLVE_IN
KS - Steve Case: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: subscribe EVOLVE-LEAD-L name
KY - Patrick Crumrine: email@example.com
Message: subscribe evolistky firstname lastname
LA - Arlene Billock: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: subscribe evolist your email address
MA - John Dennehy: email@example.com
Message: subscribe evolistma
MD - Eric Scully: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: subscribe evolvemd-l
ME - Bryan Dail: email@example.com
MI - G. Forbes: GFORBES@grcc.cc.mi.us
Website http://web.grcc.cc.mi.us/mseei - has announcements and can sign up
MN - Kirk Wythers: firstname.lastname@example.org
MO - SchmidtF@health.missouri.edu
Send him an email message to subscribe, giving name and email address
MS - Larry Shaffer: email@example.com
MT - Fred Allendorf: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: subscribe evolistmt your emailaddress
NC - James Balhoff: James.Balhoff@duke.edu
Message: subscribe evolistnc
NE Jim Platz: email@example.com
Message: subscribe evolution-ne
NH - Larry Spencer: firstname.lastname@example.org
NJ - Jack Gaynor: Jack.Gaynor@montclair.edu
Message: Subscribe evolistnj
NM - Wenda Trevathan: email@example.com
James Botsford: firstname.lastname@example.org
NV - Julie Ellsworth: email@example.com
Message: subscribe evolistnv
NY - Steven Schimmrich: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Message: subscribe evolistny
OH - Steve Edinger: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: SUBSCRIBE sciedu-l
OK - Victor Hutchison: email@example.com
Message: SUBSCRIBE OKEVOL-L (NO SIG)
OR - Reed Noss: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: sub orevol Firstname Lastname
PA - Lisamarie Windham: email@example.com
Message: Subscribe evolistpa-l email address, full name
PR - Eduardo Rosa-Molinar: firstname.lastname@example.org
Subject: subscribe Message: your name & email address
RI - Kenneth Miller: Kenneth.Miller@Brown.edu
Message: subscribe evolistRI firstname lastname
SC - Rob Dillon: DillonR@cofc.edu
Message: subscribe chs-sci-net Firstname Lastname
TN - Timothy Gaudin : Timothy-Gaudin@utc.edu
Message: subscribe evolisttn firstname lastname
TX - Wendee Holtcamp: email@example.com
Message: subscribe texevol-ed Firstname Lastname
UT - Duane Jeffery : Duane_Jeffery@byu.edu
Message: subscribe sciedutah firstname lastname
VA - David Lawrence : firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: subscribe VAEVOLVE
VT - Rick Murphy : email@example.com
message: subscribe EVOLUTIONVT
WA - Sergio Martinez: Sergiom@u.washington.edu
Send an email message to subscribe, giving name and email address
WI - Fred Anapol: firstname.lastname@example.org
Message: subscribe evolistwi Firstname Lastname
WV - Richard Bady: Bady@marshall.edu
WY - Christine Wade - Cww1@uwyo.edu
"subscribe" on subject line
PARTNERSHIPS WITH AIBS MEMBER SOCIETIES AND ORGANIZATIONS AND INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS TO SUPPORT THE TEACHING OF EVOLUTION - AIBS is looking forward to working with its member societies and organizations to help them develop and implement individual or collaborative projects to support the teaching of evolution. If your society is interested in undertaking one or more projects, and needs ideas or wants to find other societies to work with, please contact Ellen Paul at email@example.com. AIBS will have a menu of activities at different scales and will provide resources and support. We will also help societies to develop their own projects and programs by providing resources, advice, and other logistical support.
Among the activities we are considering is a training program to help scientists and scientific societies to address efforts to prevent the teaching of evolution. When faced with an attack on the theory or teaching of evolution, the temptation to debate is overwhelming. Surely, we reason, if they only knew the scientific evidence, they would come to see the light. Not so! The challenges to evolution are not about scientific evidence. To be sure, there are challenges to the scientific evidence and there is nothing the anti-evolution forces like more than to draw biologists into arguments about scientific evidence, knowing that any one experiment or set of observations raises as many questions as it answers. But the real basis of the attacks on evolution, however, is not scientific. It is based on the false premise that evolutionary theory and religious beliefs are inapposite and that evolutionary theory precludes the belief in divine creation. Essentially, the anti-evolution groups of today are the same as those of the Scopes era, with new rhetoric and strategy designed to end-run the myriad Supreme Court decisions that bar the teaching of religious doctrine in the public schools.
Even if scientists understand the terms of the debate, these debates are at best fruitless those committed to creationism or intelligent design and opposed to evolutionary science are unlikely to change their minds. At worst, these debates are counterproductive for science, because the large number of people who are not opposed to evolution may come away with the impression that there is no scientific evidence or that religion and science are mutually exclusive.
To help scientists learn a productive, positive way to support the teaching of evolution and to address challenges to the teaching of evolutionary theory, AIBS is attempting to develop a training program to teach members how to communicate with the media and government bodies such as school boards and state legislatures as well as with students, parents, faculty members, university administrators, and members of the public. We are particularly interested in having a corps of scientists willing to serve as contacts for the media who are sure to come calling next fall when NOVA airs its series on evolution. Please contact Ellen Paul at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are interested in this training. We anticipate conducting this training via the internet, so no travel will be required.
PENNSYLVANIA'S PROPOSED TEACHING STANDARDS UNDERMINE THE TEACHING OF EVOLUTION - A draft of new standards for teaching science and technology in Pennsylvania schools seems to open the door to teaching creation theory alongside the theory of evolution. The new standards for teaching science in Pennsylvania propose treating evolution as a theory and presenting alternative theories as part of schools' science curriculum. The draft language, which is expected to go before the state legislature for approval early next year, has raised alarms among some scientists and education groups who worry that the new standards would give legitimacy to teaching creationist views. An earlier draft of the science standards received good reviews from scientists and educators. But in July, the state Board of Education inserted several changes. The Philadelphia Inquirer on 3 December 2000 quoted education officials who denied that the changes made in July were inserted to placate creationists. "For the first time, we've mandated the teaching of evolution in Pennsylvania classrooms," State Secretary of Education Eugene Hickok said. "The standards were refined based on input from people at [a series or public hearings and workshops]," said Karl Girton, chair of the Board of Education Council of Basic Education. "The language in the latest draft of the academic standards does not promote the teaching of creationism," said James Gallagher, chairman of the state Board of Education. "The standards do, however, give clear guidance to teachers to initiate intellectually stimulating dialogue about the scientific theory of evolution."
Examples of the changes demonstrate how this seemingly innocuous intent to initiate "intellectually stimulating dialogue about the scientific theory of evolution" invite the discussion of creationism and intelligent design:
Existing (1988) text: Explain concepts and processes of the theory of evolution.
Original proposed text: Analyze evidence of fossil records, similarities in body structures, embryological studies and DNA studies that support the theory of evolution.
New proposed text: Analyze evidence of fossil records, similarities in body structures, embryological studies and DNA studies that support or do not support the theory of evolution.
Original proposed text: Compare modern-day descendants of extinct species and account for their present appearance.
New proposed text: Compare modern-day descendants of extinct species and propose possible accounts for their present appearance.
Existing (1988) text:
Know the theory of evolution. Know that present earth features and organisms arose from materials and life forms of the past. Discuss changes in the theory of evolution as new scientific facts have been discovered.
Original proposed text: Analyze the theory of evolution.
New proposed text: Analyze the impact of new scientific facts on the theory of evolution.
The American Institute of Biological Sciences is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) scientific association headquartered in Washington DC, with a staff of approximately 30. It was founded in 1947 as a part of the National Academy of Sciences and has been an independent organization since the mid-1950s, governed by a Board of Directors elected by its membership. The AIBS membership consists of approximately 6,000 biologists and 80 professional societies and other organizations; the combined individual membership of the latter exceeds 240,000 biologists. AIBS is an umbrella organization for the biological sciences dedicated to promoting an understanding of the natural living world, including the human species and its welfare, by engaging in coalition activities with its members in research, education, public policy, and public outreach; publishing the peer-reviewed journal, BioScience; providing scientific peer review and advisory services to government agencies and other clients; convening scientific meetings; and performing administrative and other support services for its member organizations.