March 23, 2016
Julie Palakovich Carr
Public Policy Manager
Robert Gropp, Ph.D.
Interim Co-Executive Director
American Institute of Biological Sciences
1201 New York Ave, NW, Suite 420
Washington, DC 20005
House Committee on Appropriations
Subcommittee on Interior, Environment and Related Agencies
The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) appreciates the opportunity to provide testimony in support of appropriations for the United States Geological Survey (USGS), United States Forest Service (USFS), and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for fiscal year (FY) 2017. We encourage Congress to provide the USGS with at least $1.2 billion in FY 2017 and $173.9 million for the Ecosystems activity. We further request that Congress provide the USFS Forest and Rangeland Research program with at least $296.0 million, and EPA Science and Technology with at least $754.2 million.
The AIBS is a nonprofit scientific association dedicated to advancing biological research and education for the welfare of society. AIBS works to ensure that the public, legislators, funders, and the community of biologists have access to and use information that will guide them in making informed decisions about matters that require biological knowledge. Founded in 1947 as a part of the National Academy of Sciences, AIBS became an independent, member-governed organization in the 1950s. Today, AIBS has individual members and more than 140 member organizations with a combined individual membership of more than 200,000. The organization is headquartered in Reston, Virginia, with a Public Policy Office in Washington, DC.
U.S. Geological Survey
The USGS provides unbiased, independent research, data, and assessments that are needed by public and private sector decision-makers. Data generated by the USGS save taxpayers money by reducing economic losses from natural disasters, allowing more effective management of water and natural resources, and providing essential geospatial information that is needed for commercial activity and natural resource management. The data collected by the USGS are not available from other sources and our nation cannot afford to sacrifice this information.
The Ecosystems activity within USGS underpins the agency's other science mission areas by providing information needed for understanding the impacts of water use, energy exploration and production, and natural hazards on natural systems. The USGS conducts research on and monitoring of fish, wildlife, and vegetation - data that informs management decisions by other Interior bureaus regarding protected species and land use.
Biological science programs within the USGS gather long-term data not available from other sources. The knowledge generated by USGS programs is used by federal and state natural resource managers to maintain healthy and diverse ecosystems while balancing the needs of public use.
Examples of successful USGS Ecosystem initiatives include:
- Development of comprehensive geospatial data products that characterize the risk of wildfires on all lands in the United States. These products are used to allocate firefighting resources and to plan wildfire fuel reduction projects.
- Identification and evaluation of control measures for Asian carp, sea lamprey, Burmese pythons, and other invasive species that cause billions of dollars in economic losses annually.
- New insights on the spread of avian flu, chronic wasting disease, and other diseases spread by wildlife in North America.
The requested FY 2017 budget would support several important ecosystem science priorities within USGS. Science in support of critical landscapes, such as the Arctic and sage steppe, would be boosted. The budget would also focus research efforts on emerging invasive species and the declining status of native pollinators.
New funding is proposed for the Cooperative Research Units to provide undergraduate students with hands on training in research. These efforts would complement the existing focus on graduate education. Roughly 500 graduate students each year receive training at Cooperative Research Units. Through the units, the USGS and their partners address pressing issues facing natural resource managers at the local, state, and federal levels. Examples of recent research initiatives include studying the impacts of wildfires on forest ecology and studying the effects of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill on wildlife and fisheries. The program is an efficient use of resources: Each federal dollar invested in the program is leveraged more than five-fold.
In summary, the USGS is uniquely positioned to provide a scientific context for many of the nation's biological and environmental challenges, including water quality and use, energy independence, and conservation of biological diversity. This array of research expertise not only serves the core missions of the Department of the Interior, but also contributes to management decisions made by other agencies and private sector organizations. An investment of $1.2 billion in the USGS and at least $173.9 million in the Ecosystems activity will yield dividends.
U.S. Forest Service
United States Forest Service research provides scientific information and new technologies to support sustainable management of the nation's forests and rangelands. These products and services increase the basic biological and physical knowledge of the composition, structure, and function of forest, rangeland, and aquatic ecosystems.
Although the FY 2017 budget request would increase funding for Forest Service research by $1.0 million, six of the seven Forest Service research program areas are targeted for budget cuts of two percent. Research on wildfires, invasive species, and resource management would be impacted.
Moreover, the proposed budget would transfer $3.0 million from Forest and Rangeland Research to the Joint Fire Science Program--a program that has previously been funded from other sources.
We ask Congress to fund the Forest and Rangeland Research program at $296.0 million, the same amount as in FY 2015. Continuing to scale back research efforts is a lost opportunity for USFS to fulfill its mission to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the nation's forests and grasslands.
Environmental Protection Agency
Funding for EPA Science and Technology supports valuable research that is used to identify and mitigate environmental problems facing our nation. EPA research informs decisions made by public health and safety managers, natural resource managers, businesses, and other stakeholders concerned about air and water pollution, human health, and land management and restoration. In short, this program provides the scientific basis upon which EPA monitoring and enforcement programs are built.
Despite the important role of the Science and Technology appropriation, the proposed funding level for FY 2017 is less than the program received in FY 2004. The EPA Science Advisory Board has expressed concern repeatedly about the long-term decline in research funding at EPA. "These limitations pose a vulnerability for EPA at a time when the agency faces significant science questions with long-term implications for protecting the environment and public health."
We also encourage Congress to restore funding for two valuable training opportunities for students. Funding was eliminated in FY 2016 for EPA Science to Achieve Results (STAR) graduate fellowships and Greater Research Opportunities undergraduate fellowships. The National Academy of Sciences called the STAR fellowship "a valuable mechanism for enabling a continuing supply of graduate students in environmental sciences and engineering." The elimination of these programs will be detrimental to preparation of the next generation of environmental scientists and engineers. We ask for the program to be reinstated.
Thank you for your thoughtful consideration of this request.
Read more AIBS Position Statements