The National Center for Education Statistics, the statistical arm of the U.S. Department of Education, recently released the report, "Employees in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2005, and Salaries of Full-Time Instructional Faculty, 2005-2006." This report provides information about the number of faculty and instructional staff employed in public, private not-for-profit, and private for-profit postsecondary institutions in the United States. For full-time instructional faculty, the report describes the tenure status, gender, race/ethnicity, income, and fringe benefits by institution type. Over 6000 colleges, universities, and other institutions that were eligible to distribute Title IV federal student financial aid, such as Pell Grants and Stafford Loans, were included in this study that was conducted through the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System during the 2005-6 academic year.

Among the findings, the report sheds some light on gender and racial/ethnic equality among postsecondary faculty. In fall 2005, 55 percent of all postsecondary faculty members were men. Women comprised 47 percent of new full-time faculty hires and 45 percent of faculty members who were on the tenure track at degree-granting institutions. However, with respect to full-time faculty members who had tenure, women represented 33 percent and men 67 percent. Considering race and ethnicity, 84 percent of full-time faculty members with tenure were White, non-Hispanic, compared to the 7 percent who were Asian/Pacific Islander, 5 percent who were Black, non-Hispanic, and 3 percent who were Hispanic.

The average salaries of full-time instructional faculty for the 2005-6 academic year at degree-granting institutions varied by academic rank, with faculty holding higher ranks earning higher average salaries. Considering 9-month average salaries, full professors earned $90,600, associate professors earned $65,600, assistant professors earned $55,000, instructors earned $47, 400, and lecturers earned $46,000. Overall, medical/dental plans and retirement plans were the largest fringe benefits provided by degree-granting institutions to their instructional faculty.

For more information, please visit the NCES website:


back to Public Policy Reports

Bookmark and Share