The Federal Experts Security Advisory Panel has recommended that the list of 82 select agents be reduced in size and organized into tiers based on the risk posed by the agents. Select agents are biological agents and toxins that pose a severe threat to the public, animals, and plants. Eleven microorganisms, including anthrax, Ebola virus, and the virus that causes foot-and-mouth disease, were identified by the advisory panel as Tier 1 agents and toxins, which pose the most risk. Twenty-five other agents were recommended for removal from the select agents program.

The report also provides advice regarding personnel, physical, and cyber security. The advisory panel was created by an Executive Order issued by President Obama in July 2010. To read the panel’s recommendations, visit


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