President Obama released a $3.77 trillion budget plan for fiscal year (FY) 2014 on 10 April 2013. According to the White House, the budget proposal would cut deficits by increasing revenues and reducing spending. The proposal would replace sequestration, the $1.2 trillion in automatic spending cuts mandated by the Budget Control Act.

Science is once again a priority in the President's budget request. The Administration proposed $143 billion for federal research and development (R&D), an increase of 1.3 percent over the 2012 level. Although defense R&D would be cut by 5.2 percent, non-defense R&D would increase by 9.2 percent to almost $70 billion, with much of the increase going to basic and applied research.

Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education programs would be consolidated across the federal government. The total number of programs would decrease from 226 to 112. Nearly $180 million would be redirected from 11 agencies to the Department of Education, National Science Foundation, and Smithsonian Institution. K-12 STEM programs would be reorganized at the Department of Education, with NSF taking the lead on graduate and undergraduate education programs. Smithsonian would be the lead agency on informal science education.

A summary of proposed funding for select science agencies follows:

  • Department of Energy Office of Science: $5.2 billion (+$217.8 million)
    • Biological and Environmental Research: $625.3 million (+$32.9 million)
  • Environmental Protection Agency Science and Technology: $783.9 million (-$9.8 million)
  • NASA Earth Science: $1.8 billion (+$80.4 million)
  • National Institutes of Health: $31.2 billion (+$471.0 million)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: $5.4 billion (+$541 million)
  • National Science Foundation: $7.6 billion (+$592.7 million)
    • Biological Sciences Directorate: $760.6 million (+$48.2 million)
  • Smithsonian Institution: $869.2 million (+$59.0 million)
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture
    • Agricultural Research Service: $1.3 billion (+$184 million)
    • National Institute of Food and Agriculture: $1.3 billion (+$86 million)
  • U.S. Forest Service Forest and Rangeland Research: $310.2 million (+$14.9 million)
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: $1.6 billion (+$76.4 million)
  • U.S. Geological Survey: $1.2 billion (+$98.8 million)
    • Ecosystems Activity: $180.8 million (+$18.0 million)
A more detailed analysis of the budget request will be released in a forthcoming report by the American Institute of Biological Sciences.


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